Name: US Dollar
Minor Unit: 1/100 Cent
Central Bank: Federal Reserve Bank
Country(ies): United States, American Samoa
Rank in the most traded currencies: #1
Name: Philippine Peso
Minor Unit: 1/100 Sentimo
Central Bank: Central Bank of the Philippines
The US Dollar ($) and the Philippine Peso (₱) are both important currencies. While the US Dollar is the most traded currency in the world, the Philippine Peso isn't in the top 20, but is nonetheless one of the important (and most stable) currencies in Asia.
The United States is obviously the home of the US Dollars, where they are issued by the Federal Bank of the United States, but USD are also used as official currency in 23 other countries. On the other hand, you will find Philippine pesos only in the Philippines, under the control of the Central Bank of the Philippines.
There are a lot of reasons to exchange USD for PHP. More than 3 million Filipinos living in the United States and a lot of them regularly send money back to the Philippines, and a lot of US citizens have ties with the Philippines or go on holidays there.
The Philippine Peso is divided in sentimos (100 sentimo = 1 peso), and it's main denominations are ₱20, ₱50, ₱100, ₱200, ₱500, ₱1000, while the US Dollars minor unit are cents, with the banknotes of following values : $1, $5, $10, $20, $50, $100.