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Remittances: Definition, Volumes, Trends and Analyses by Monito's Experts

Aug 2, 2021

Remittances, also called migrant remittances, are money transfers sent by migrants working abroad to their home countries. While remittances can be sent for almost any number of reasons, they are chiefly used by migrants to provide financial support to their families and pay bills in their home country.

According to the World Bank, remittances volumes have grown tenfold since 1990 and represented US$654.3 billion in 2019.

Remittances Around The Globe

Here are the top recipient countries of remittances (in Billions of US Dollars):

While India has long held the top spot as the world's largest destination of remittances, other countries such as the Philippines and Mexico have seen the rate of remittance inflows increase by a considerably larger amount in recent years.

India

India, the top destination of remittances by a considerable margin, marks remittance inflows as around 3% of its entire GDP. Over the course of the 2010s, the average cost of remitting to India from abroad has dropped precipitously from nearly 9% in 2013 to under 3% in 2018.

Why Are Remittances Important?

Remittances are key to reach some of the Sustainable Goals for Development, as established by the United Nations. Lowering their cost would reduce global inequality, hunger, and poverty and improve access to good healthcare, quality education, and economic growth according to the IFAD.

The target 10.c from the Goal 10 “Reduce inequality within and among countries” from the Sustainable Development Goals says: ”By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent.”

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